Andrei Tarkovsky, Russian Film Director
by Ian Mackean
The Russian film director Andrei Tarkovsky was born in 1932 and attended schools of music and art before enrolling in the Moscow Film School in 1954. His first feature film, his diploma submission at the school, was 'The Steamroller and The Violin' (1961), and his next film, 'Ivan's Childhood' (1962) established his international reputation when it won the Golden Lion at Venice. His place as one of the most important film directors of his period was consolidated by 'Andrei Roublev' (1966), 'Solaris' (1972), 'The Mirror' (1974), and 'Stalker' (1979).
The disapproval of the Soviet authorities made it increasingly difficult for Tarkovsky to work in Russia, and after making his next film 'Nostalgia' (1983) in Italy he defected to the West in 1984. He remained in exile to make his final film 'The Sacrifice' (1986) in Sweden, and died in December 1986. The final year of his life saw the publication of his book, 'Sculpting in Time'.
Tarkovsky's reputation as one of the greatest film directors of recent times rests on the quality and depth of his work. His films are remarkable both for their aesthetic qualities, and for their portrayal of the human spiritual quest. Tarkovsky's ambition was to raise cinema to the level of literature and the fine arts, and few would deny that he achieved this.
The last years of Tarkovsky's life were not a happy time. Although his defection enabled him to live and work freely in Europe, he never felt at home there, and always longed to be back working in the Russia he loved. At the time he became ill with cancer his work was being semi-suppressed in Russia and the authorities were refusing to allow exit visas for his teenage son and his mother-in-law. The final months of his life brought some happier events, however, when his son and mother-in-law were allowed out of Russia to visit him, and when Gorbachov's policy of 'Perestroika' finally brought him honour in his own country, and his films were shown again in Moscow.
1961 The Steamroller and the Violin. (Katok i Skrypka)
P.c = Production company
1960 The Steamroller and the Violin. (Katok i Skrypka). USSR: P.c: Mosfilm (Children's film unit). D: Andrei Tarkovsky. Sc: Andrei Tarkovsky, Andrei Mikhalkov Konchalovsky. Ph: Vadim Yusev (Sovcolor). Ed: L. Butuzova. A.d: S. Agoyan. M: Vyacheslav Ovchinnikov. Sd: V. Krachkovsky. Cast: Igor Fomchenko (Sacha), V. Zamansky (Sergei), N. Arkhangelskaya (girl), Marina Adzhubei (Mother). 46 mins.
1962 Ivan's Childhood. (Ivanovo Detstvo). USSR: P.c: Mosfilm. D: Andrei Tarkovsky. Sc: Mikhail Papava, Vladimir Bogomolov. Based on the novella 'Ivan' by V. Bogomolov. Ph: Vadim Yusev. Ed: G. Natanson. A.d: Evgeny Chernyaev. M: Vyacheslav Ovchinnikov. Sd: E. Zelentsova. Cast: Nikolai Burlyaev Cast: (Ivan), Valentin Zubkov (Capt. Rholin), E. Zharikov (Lt. Galtsev), S. Krylov (Sgt. Katasonov), V. Malyavina (Masha), Irma Tarkovskaya (Ivan's mother), Andrei Mikhalkov Konchalovsky (soldier with spectacles). 95 mins.
1966 Andrei Roublev. USSR: P.c: Mosfilm. D: Andrei Tarkovsky. Sc: Andrei Mikhalkov Konchalovsky, Andrei Tarkovsky. Ph: Vadim Yusev (Scope, part in Sovocolor). Ed: Ludmila Feyganova. A.d: Evgeny Chernyaev. M: Vyacheslav Ovchinnikov. Sd: E. Zelentsova. Cast: Anatoly Solonitsin (Andrei Roublev), Ivan Lapikov (Kyril), Nikolai Grinko (Daniel the black), Nikolai Burlyaev (Boriska), Rolan Bykov (Buffoon), Yuri Nikulin (Patrikey), Mikhail Kononov (Fomka). 186 mins.
1972 Solaris. USSR: P.c: Mosfilm. D: Andrei Tarkovsky. Sc: Andrei Tarkovsky, Freidrich Gorenstein. Based on the novel by Stanislav Lem. Ph: Vadim Yusev (Scope, Sovcolor). Ed: Ludmila Feyganova. A.d: Mikhail Romadin. M: Eduard Artemyev, Chorale prelude in F min. by J.S. Bach. Cast: Donatas Banionis (Kris Kelvin), Natalya Bondarchuk (Han), Yuri Jarvet (Snauth), Anatoly Solonitsin (Sartorius), Vladislav Dvorzhetsky (Burton), Nikolai Grinko (Father), Sos Sarkissian (Gibaryan), O. Yisilova (Kelvin's mother). 165 mins.
1974 The Mirror. (Zerkalo). USSR: P.c: Mosfilm, D: Andrei Tarkovsky. Sc. Andrei Tarkovsky, Aleksander Misharin. Ph: Georgy Rerberg (Sovcolor, part b&w.) Ed: Ludmila Feyganova. A.d: Nikolai Dvigubsky. Sets: A. Merkulov. M. Eduard Artemyev; extracts from Pergolesi, Purcell, J.S. Bach. Sd: Semyon Litvinov. Narrator: Innokenti Smoktunovsky. Arseny Tarkovsky's poems read by himself. Cast: Margarita Terekhova (Mother/Natalia), Philip Yankovsky (Ignat at 5), Ignat Daniltsev (Ignat at 12), Oleg Yakovsky (Father), Nikolai Grinko (Man at printers), Alla Demidova (Lisa), Yuri Nazarov (Military instructor). 106 mins.
1979 The Stalker. USSR: P.c: Mosfilm. D: Andrei Tarkovsky. Sc: Arkady Strugatsky, Boris Strugatsky. Based on their story 'Roadside Picnic'. Ph: Aleksander Knyazhinsky (colour). Ed: Ludmila Feyganova. A.d: Andrei Tarkovsky. Sets: A. Merkulov. M: Eduard Artemyev. Sd: V. Sharun. Cast: Aleksander Konchalovsky (Stalker), Anatoly Solonitsin (Writer), Nikolai Grinko (Scientist), Alissa Freindlikh (Stalker's wife). 161 mins.
1983 Nostalgia. (Nostaighia). Italy, USSR: Pc: Opra Film. For Rete 2 TV RAI (Rome) / Sovin Film (Moscow). P: Francesco Casati. D: Andrei Tarkovsky. Sc: Andrei Tarkovsky, Tonino Guerra. Ph: Giuseppe Lanci (Eastman Colour). Ed: Eerminia Marani, Amedeo Salfa. A.d: Andrea Crisanti. M: (adviser) Gino Peguri. Sd: Remo Ugolinelli. Sd: (effects) Luciano Anzelloti, Massimo Anzelloti. Cast: Oleg Yankovsky (Andrei Gorchakov), Domiziana Giordano (Evgenia), Erland Josephson (Domenico), Patrizia Terreno, (Gorchakov's wife), Laura De Marchi (woman with towel), Delia Boccardo (Domenico's wife). 126 mins.
1986 The Sacrifice. (Offret). Sweden, France: P.c: Swedish Film Institute (Stockholm) / Argos Films (Paris). In association with Film Four International, Josephson & Nykvist, Sveriges Television/SVT2, Sandrew Film & Teater. With the participation of the French Ministry of Culture. Exec P: Anna-Lena Wibom. P: Katinka Farago. D: Andrei Tarkovsky. Sc: Andrei Tarkovsky. Ph: Sven Nykvist (Eastman Colour, part in b&w). Ed: Andrei Tarkovsky, Michal Leszczylowski. A.d: Anna Asp. M: 'St. Matthew Passion' by J.S. Bach; Swedish and Japanese folk music. Sd: Owe Svenson, Bosse Persson, Lars Ulander, Christin Loman, Wikee Peterson-Berger. Erland Josephson Cast: (Alexander), Susan Fleetwood (Adelaide), Valerie Mairesse (Julia), Allan Edwall (Otto), Gudrun Gisladottir (Maria), Sven Woliter (Victor), Filippa Franzen (Marta), Tommy Kjellqvist (Little Man), Per Kailman and Tommy Nordahl (Ambulance men). 149 mins.
Select annotated bibliography: The life and films of Andrei Tarkovsky (1932-1986), and Russian cinema
NB This bibliography was compiled in 1988 and does not cover publications later than that date.
This select annotated bibliography and filmography aims to cover writing on Tarkovsky in the English language published up to January 1988, the entries comprising of books, periodical articles, newspaper articles, and a complete filmography. Material about Russian cinema in general, during the time Tarkovsky was producing films, (about 1960 - 1986) is also included.
The bibliography is intended for use by students of the cinema, or Russian culture, studying Tarkovsky's life and work. The entries for periodical articles and newspaper articles have been arranged chronologically to provide a clear picture of the progress of Tarkovsky's career, showing the chronological relationship between the appearance of his films, and events such as his visits to London, major interviews, and defection. Names of specific films, or groups of films, covered by books and articles have been mentioned in the annotations so that the student can easily find all the material relating to any particular film. The bulk of this bibliography was compiled at the library of the British Film Institute, and I should like thank them for their assistance.
1. Atwell, Lee. Solaris: a contemporary masterpiece. In Atkins, Thomas, R. ed., Science Fiction Films. New York (N.Y.): Monarch, 1976, p.85-94. Brief survey of Tarkovsky's career, and an account of 'Solaris'.
2. Birkos, Alexander S. Soviet Cinema: directors and films. Hamden (Conn.): Archon, 1976. 344p. ISBN 0 208 015817. Account of Tarkovsky's career up to 1974: p.113-114. The second half of the book, an alphabetical list of films, contains some brief notes on some of Tarkovsky's other films.
3. Cohen, Louis H. The cultural-political traditions and developments of the Soviet Cinema
4. Dolmatovskaya, Galina, and Shilova, Irma. Who's Who in the Soviet cinema. Moscow: Progress Publishers, 1978. 684p. Account of Tarkovsky's career up to 1974: p.293-300.
5. Furhanirter, Leif, and Isaksson, Folke. Politics and film. Translated by Kersti French. London: Studio Vista, 1971. 260p. SBN 289 798132
6. Le Fanu, Mark. The Cinema of Andrei Tarkovsky. London: BFI, 1987. 156p. Bibliog. Filmog. ISBN 0 851 701949. Published the year after his death, the first book to cover the whole of his career.
7. Lietirn, Mira, and Liehm, Antonin J. The most important art: Eastern European film after 1945. Berkeley, Los Angeles (Calif); London: University of California Press, 1977. 467p. Bibliog. ISBN 0 520 031571. Mentions Tarkovsky in context of cultural struggles in the USSR, and the success of 'Ivan's Childhood'. Also brief discussions of 'Andrei Roublev', 'Solaris', and 'The Mirror', and the hostility of the Soviet authorities to his work.
8. Lyon, Christopher, ed. The Macmillan dictionary of films and film-makers, vol. 2. London:
9. Nicholls, Peter. The encyclopaedia of science fiction: an illustrated A-Z. St. Albans
10. Tarkovsky, Andrey. Sculpting in time: reflections on the cinema. Translated by Kitty
11. Tharipson, David. 1975. 632p. A biographical dictionary of the cinema. London: Secker and Warburg, SBN 436 520109 Hbk. 436 520117 Pbk. Account of Tarkovsky's career up to 1972.
12. Vorontsov, Yuri, and Rachuk, Igor. The phenomenon of Soviet cinema. Translated by Doris Bradburg. Moscow: Progress Publishers, 1980. 424p. This book has no index.
13. Vronskaya, Jeanne. Young Soviet film-makers. London: Allen and Unwin, 1972. 128p.
Periodical Articles (chronological order)
14. Montagu, Ivor. Man and experience: Tarkovsky's world. Sight and Sound, vol. 42, no. 2, Spring 1973, p.89-94. A summary of Tarkovsky's career, and critical assessment of the films 'Ivan's Childhood', 'Andrei Roublev', and 'Solaris
15. Starshev, Boris. Tarkovsky and 'The Mirror'. Film, 27, June 1975, p.8-9. A critical survey of Tarkovsky's films up to and including 'The Mirror
16. Kearney, Richard. Mirrors of history: an analysis of the films of Eisenstein and Tarkovsky. Film Directions, vol. 1, no. 2, 1978, p.4-7. Contrasts Eisenstein's political re-interpretation of history with Tarkovsky's spiritual re-interpretation. Covers films up to and including 'The Mirror'.
17. Slatin, Judith. Jury awards Tarkovskij. Screen International, 236, 12th April 1980, p.7. Notes that Tarkovsky has been awarded a special David di Donatello Lucino Visconti prize by a jury of Italian film critics.
18. Arming, Nick, and Auty, Chris. The confessions of Andrei Tarkovsky: the director of 'Stalker' talks to Nick Anning and Chris Auty. Time Out, 586, 6th March 1981, p.10. Interview in which Tarkovsky talks about cinema and literature.
19. Christie, Ian. Against interpretation: an interview with Andrei Tarkovsky. Framework, 14, Spring 1981, p.48-49. A transcript of part of the Guardian Lecture delivered by Tarkovsky at the National Film Theatre on February 8th 1981. Tarkovsky talks about film-making in Russia, his own work, and his early career.
20. Strick, Philip. Andrei Tarkovsky. The National Film Theatre Booklet, June 1981, p.26-27. Brief notes on five films up to and including 'The Stalker'.
21. Guardian Lecture: Andrei Tarkovsky. BFI News, 49, July 1981, p.. Extracts from Tarkovsky's Guardian Lecture at the National Film Theatre in February 1981. (A more comprehensive extract from the same lecture appears in Framework 14, see entry 19.)
22. Strick, Philip. Tarkovsky's translations. Sight and Sound, vol. 50, no. 3, Summer 1981, p.151-153. Interviewed in London Tarkovsky says his film images 'mean nothing more than they are'.
23. Dempsey, Michael. Lost harmony: Tarkovsky's 'The Mirror' and 'The Stalker'. Film Quarterly, vol. 35, no. 1, Fall 1981, p.12-17. An assessment of Tarkovsky's work up to and including 'The Stalker'.
24. Hickey, Tony. Sorting out the messages. Film Directions, vol. 4, no. 15, 1981, p.3-9. A consideration of Tarkovsky's work, particularly in the light of his Guardian Lecture at the NFT (See entries 14 and 21).
25. Mitchell, Tony. Tarkovsky in Italy. Sight and Sound, vol. 52, no. 1, Winter 1982/3,
26. Time Out, 686, 13th Oct. 1983, p.43. Notes that Tarkovsky is in London working on 'Boris Gudanov' at Covent Garden, and will be speaking at The Riverside Studios.
27. Mackinnon, Angus. Tarkovsky: the East sees red. Time Out, 691, 17th Nov. 1933, p.51. An interview in which Tarkovsky talks in particular about 'Nostalgia'.
28. Hoberman, J. Between two worlds. American Film, vol. 9, no. 2, Nov. 1983, p.14, 75-79. About Tarkovsky's career and interests, with lengthy quotes, especially about 'Nostalgia'.
29. Ratschewa, Maria. The messianic power of pictures. Cineaste, vol. 13, no. 1, 1983, p.27-29. Article on Tarkovsky and his work up to and including 'The Stalker'.
30. Dyanin, Viktor. Andrei Tarkovsky. Soviet Film, 3, 1983, p.18-19, 26. Article on Tarkovsky's films up to and including 'The Stalker'.
31. Mitchell, Tony. Andrei Tarkovsky and 'Nostalgia'. Film Criticism, vol. 3, no. 3, Spring 1984, p.2-11. Appraisal of Tarkovsky's films, especially 'Nostalgia'.
32. Soviet Tarkovsky seeks asylum. Screen International, 455, 21st July 1984, p.8. Notes that Tarkovsky, living in Rome, is seeking asylum in the West. Also that he is planning to shoot his next film, 'The Sacrifice', in Sweden.
33. Mackinnon, Angus. Red tape. Time Out, 729, 9th Aug. 1984, p.20-22. Interview, one month after Tarkovsky's announcement that he is seeking asylum in the West, about why he felt compelled to leave the USSR and what he hopes to achieve in exile. Includes comments on 'The Sacrifice'.
34. Icon maker. The Listener, vol. 112, no. 2872, 23rd Aug. 1984, p.18. Transcription of an interview given by Tarkovsky to the BBC Russian service.
35. Green, Peter. The Nostalgia of the Stalker. Sight and Sound, vol. 54, no. 1, Winter 1984/5, p.50-54. Discussion of Tarkovsky's work, especially 'The Stalker' and 'Nostalgia'.
36. Strick, Philip. Andrei Tarkovsky: poet in exile. National Film Theatre Booklet, Feb.
37. Jensen, Jorn Rossing. Tarkovsky settles for year in Berlin. Screen International, 485, 23rd Feb. 1985, p.16. Self-exiled Tarkovsky, after two and a half years in Rome, will settle in Berlin for at least a year. Some notes on the forthcoming film 'The Sacrifice', to be shot in Sweden.
38. Le Fanu, Mark. Bresson, Tarkovsky, and contemporary pessimism. Cambridge Quarterly, vol. 14, no. 1, 1985, p.51-59.
39. Le Fanu, Mark. A Russian master: Andrei Tarkovsky. Encounter, vol. 65, no. 4, p.70-73. Survey of Tarkovsky's career up to and including 'Nostalgia'.
40. Rosenberg, Karen. A Russian patrimony. Sight and Sound, vol. 55, no. 3, Summer 1986, p.213-214. Review of Tarkovsky's book 'Sculpting in Time.'
41. Le Fanu, Mark. Ahead of us? Sight and Sound, vol. 15, no. 4, Autumn 1986, p.284-285. Review of 'The Sacrifice'.
42. The Hollywood Reporter, 31st Dec. 1986, p.15. Obituary.
43. Roddick, Nick. Exiled Soviet director Andrei Tarkovsky succumbs to cancer. Screen International, 581, 3rd Oct. 1987, p.1-2. Obituary.
44. Honour in his own land for Tarkovsky. Screen International, 583, 17th Jan. 1987, p.1. Notes that a Russian weekly magazine, Novoe Vremja (New Age), carries a warm tribute to Tarkovsky, and says that in the current climate there would be nothing to stop Tarkovsky returning to work in the USSR
45. Working with Tarkovsky. The Listener, vol. 117, no. 2996, 29th Jan. 1987, p.16. Comment on Channel Four's documentary, 'The Making of The Sacrifice'.
46. Christie, Ian. Raising the shroud. Monthly Film Bulletin, vol. 54, no. 637, Feb. 1987,
47. Taylor, John Russell. Andrei Tarkovsky. Films and Filming, 389, Feb. 1987, p.29-30. A tribute to Tarkovsky, and survey of his career.
48. Armstrong, David. The genius of Tarkovsky. Film and Television Technician, March 1987, p.8-9. A tribute to Tarkovsky, and mention of the setting up of a fund for his widow and child.
49. Green, Peter. Andrei Tarkovsky (1932-1986). Sight and Sound, vol. 56, no. 2, Spring 1987, p.108-109. A tribute to Tarkovsky, and survey of his career.
50. Green, Peter. Apocalypse and sacrifice. Sight and Sound, vol. 56, no. 2, Spring 1987, p.111-118. A comprehensive survey and analysis of Tarkovsky's work.
51. Kennedy, Harlan. A thought in nine parts: Tarkovsky. Film Comment, vol. 23, no. 3, May-June 1987, p.44-46. A tribute to Tarkovsky, and survey of his career.
52. Leszczylowski, Michael. A Year with Andrei. Sight and Sound, vol. 56, no. 4, Autumn 1987, p.282-284. The Editor of 'The Sacrifice' remembers his last year with Tarkovsky.
53. Fisher, William. Gorbachov's cinema. Sight and Sound, vol. 56, no. 4, Autumn 1987, p.238-243. A report from the Moscow film festival, and assessment of how far 'Perestroika' (restructuring) has taken root.
Newspaper articles (chronological order)
54. Tarkovsky's new pic awaits backers' OK; RAI Border scheme. Variety, 13th Sept. 1980, [p.?] Tarkovsky waiting to start work on 'Nostalgia' in Italy. Includes some comments from Tarkovsky on the film, and on the financing of films.
55. Wapshott, Nicholas. Another stunner from Moscow. Times, 7th Feb. 1981, p.14. On the occasion of Tarkovsky's visit to London to launch 'The Stalker'. Some comments from Tarkovsky on the film, and mention of his future projects, 'Nostalgia' and an adaptation of Dostoyevsky's 'The Idiot'.
56. Radford, Tim. Just off the party line. Guardian, 7th Feb. 1981, [p.?] On Tarkovsky's visit to London to open 'The Stalker' and give the Guardian Lecture at The National Film Theatre. An appraisal of his work.
57. Interpretation. Observer, 8th Feb. 1981, [p.?] On the occasion of Tarkovsky's visit to London to open 'The Stalker'. Some comments from Tarkovsky on the film, and mention of his work on 'Nostalgia
58. Andrei Tarkovsky in London. Soviet Weekly, 14th Feb. 1981, [p.?] About Tarkovsky's visit to London to open 'The Stalker'.
59. Arming, Nick. The hidden world of Aleksander Tarkovsky. The Leveller, 7th Aug. 1981, [p.?] Appraisal of Tarkovsky's work, with particular reference to 'The Stalker'.
60. Montagu, Ivor. The mysteries of Tarkovsky. Anglo-Soviet Journal, vol. 42, no. 2, Jan. 1982, p.2-5. Part two of the Maurice Hookman memorial lecture delivered at Chelsea College London on 10th Oct. 1981.
61. Tarkovsky to film with the Italians. Soviet Weekly, 20th March 1982, [p.?]. Brief note that Tarkovsky is to make a full-length feature film for Italian television. ['Nostalgia']
62. Backnan, Gideon. Dreams of an enfant terrible. Guardian 20th Jan. 1983, p.13. About 'Nostalgia'.
63. Higgins, John. Spectacle crystallised into inner drama. Times, 31st Oct. 1983, p.13. Tarkovsky staging the opera 'Boris Gudanov' at Covent Garden. Mentions that he has plans to film 'Hamlet'.
64. Most exciting Boris for a very long time. Morning Star, 4th Nov. 1983, p.?. About Tarkovsky directing the opera 'Boris Gudanov' at Covent Garden.
65. Blyth, Alan. Russian Reality. Daily Telegraph, 21st Nov. 1983, p.11. Tarkovsky's situation after directing 'Boris Gudanov', and on the eve of a retrospective season of his films at the Riverside Studios.
66. Chase, Chris. Russian director calls film-making international. New York Times, 6th Jan. 1984, p. c8. About 'Nostalgia', and Tarkovsky's attendance at the Telluride Film Festival.
67. Hoberman, J. Tarkovsky in America (continued). Voice, 17th Jan. 1984, p. 52. Tarkovsky's response to films by Brakhage, and vice-versa, at the Telluride Film Festival.
68. Hoberman, J. Village Voice, 6th May 1984, p.62. About a retrospective of Tarkovsky's work opening at The Museum of Modern Art.
69. Dignam, Virginia. In brief: Andrei Tarkovsky. Morning Star, 6th July 1984, p.2. Tarkovsky will talk and answer questions at the Riverside Studios.
70. Russian film director defects to the West. Daily Express, 10th July 1984, p.6. Tarkovsky has asked for political asylum in the West.
71. Nicholls, Peter. Soviet film director defecting to West. Times, 10th July 1984, p.6.
72. Andrei Tarkovsky to exit Russia for base in the West. Variety, 11th July 1984, p.1131.
73. Director could not work. Scotsman, 11th July 1984, p.3.
74. Kaun, Henry. Soviet director asks refuge, citing restraints on work. New York Times, 11th July 1984, p. c20.
75. Robinson, David. Andrei Tarkovsky: 'I am not guilty'. Times, 11th July 1984, p.14.
76. Bell, Ian. Why Tarkovsky chose the road to freedom. Scotsman, 16th July 1984, p.7.
77. The artist in exile. Times, 17th July 1984, p.13
78. Special interest. Guardian, 19th July 1984, p.11. Recently-defected Tarkovsky is to give two talks on film-making.
79. Dickson, Andrew, Russian Exile's worry for son. Observer, 29th July 1984, p.2. Recently-defected Tarkovsky worried about his 13 year old son in Russia.
80. Andrei Tarkovsky's 'Sacrifice' rolls in Sweden next May. Variety, 12th Sep. 1984, p. 41,43.
81. Bergson, Phillip. Tarkovsky in London. What's On, 1st Nov. 1984, p. 37. Tarkovsky in London for a revival of 'Boris Gudanov', talks about his defection and exile.
82. Kenyon, Nicholas. Tarkovsky's turmoil. Times, 5th Nov. 1984, p. 10. 'Boris Gudanov' revival at Covent Garden.
83. Homeless Genius. What's On, 7th Feb. 1985, [p.?] Tarkovsky's preparations to film 'The Sacrifice', and the opening of a season of his films at the National Film Theatre.
84. Malcolm, Derek. Stalking Tarkovsky. Guardian, 27th May 1985, p.9. Tarkovsky is working on 'The Sacrifice' on the island of Gotland in Sweden.
85. Robinson, David. Noble obsession with the waters of sacrifice'. Times, 30th May 1985, p.8. Tarkovsky's filming of 'The Sacrifice'. Also that he will return to Covent Garden next season to stage 'The Flying Dutchman.'
86. Konneback, Lollo. Pictures with hidden meanings: interview with Andrei Tarkovsky.
87. Cover found for the flying Russian. The London Standard, 13th Jan. 1986, p.6. Tarkovsky has had to withdraw from producing 'The Flying Dutchman', having been laid low with pneumonia.
88. Soviet director's son joins him in West. Times, 20th Jan. 1986, p.4. Tarkovsky's son and mother-in-law join him in Paris.
89. Love, Fredrick. The Making of The Sacrifice. Sweden Now, April 1986, p.40, 42-44. About 'The Sacrifice'.
90. The power of providence and the power of films. The Economist, 31st May 1986, p.101,105. On Tarkovsky's work, including 'The Sacrifice'.
91. Defector's films shown in Moscow. Independent, 3rd Nov. 1986, p.9. Tarkovsky's films now re-issued in Moscow.
92. Tarkovsky films shown again in Moscow. Scotsman, 3rd Nov. 1986, p.3.
93. Andrei Tarkovsky. Daily Telegraph, 30th Dec. 1986, p.12.
94. Andrews, Nigel. Obituary: Andrei Tarkovsky. Financial Times, 30th Dec. 1986, p.7. Obituary, with very brief account of his career.
95. Death of a dream maker. The Scotsman, 30th Dec. 1986, p.7. Obituary, with biographical notes and account of his films.
96. Goodman, Walter. Andrei Tarkovsky, director and Soviet emigre, dies at 54. New York Times, 30th Dec. 1986, p.138. Obituary, with brief account of his career.
97. Le Fanu, Mark. Obituary: Andrei Tarkovsky. Independent, 30th Dec. 1986, p.4. Obituary, with account of his life and work.
98. Malcolm, Derek. Poet of world cinema. Guardian, 30th Dec. 1986, p.10. Obituary, with account of his life and work.
99. Marshall, Herbert. Andrei Tarkovsky 1932 - 1968 Obituary. Centre for Soviet and East European Studies, [Dec. 1986] £1]p. Obituary notice.
100. Andrei Tarkovsky. Variety, 31st Dec. 1986, p.70. Obituary, with account of his life and work.
101. Mr. Andrei Tarkovsky. Times, 31st Dec. 1986, p.14. Obituary, with account of his life and work.
102. Andrews, Nigel. The patient is out of bed and alive and kicking. Financial Times, 2nd 1987, p.7. Assessment of cinema in general with appraisal of Tarkovsky's work.
103. Dignam, Virginia. Unorthodox. Morning Star, 2nd Jan. 1987, p.8. Obituary, with very brief account of his life and work.
104. Robinson, David. Sculptor in time, master of spirit. Times, 3rd Jan. 1987, p.16. Appraisal of Tarkovsky's career.
105. Perry, George. Sunday Times, 4th Jan 1987, p.27. Obituary, with very brief account of his life and work.
106. Wapshott, Nicholas. Tarkovsky's final testament. Observer, 4th Jan 1987, p.19. About 'The Sacrifice', and the end of Tarkovsky's career.
107. Bergson, Phillip. A poet of man. What's On, 8th. Jan. 1987, p.81. About 'The Sacrifice'.
108. Coleman, Nick. Burden of dreams. New Musical Express, 10th Jan. 1987, p.4. Brief survey of Tarkovsky's career.
109. Obituary: Andrei Tarkovsky. Time, 12th Jan. 1987, p.41.
110. Hoberman, J. Andrei Tarkovsky 1932 - 1986. Village Voice, 13th Jan. 1987, p.68. Brief survey of Tarkovsky's career.
111. Smiley, Xan. Russian hopes rise for 'cultural thaw'. Daily Telegraph, 15th Jan. 1987, p.4. About reform in Russia, with special mention of Tarkovsky.
112. Tarkovsky's two departures mourned. Soviet Weekly, 17th Jan 1987, p.12. Tarkovsky in relation to the changing cultural climate in Russia.
113. Pulleine, T. The Guardian, 29th Jan. 1987, p.13. A memorial service to be held for Tarkovsky.
114. Andrei Tarkovsky. The Face, Feb. 1987, p.68. Obituary.
115. Tarkovsky: 'believe in yourself'. Soviet Weekly, 7th March 1987, p.13.
116. Tarkovsky appeal. Independent, 19th March 1987, p.5. An international trust is being set up to help Tarkovsky's family. Having been allowed exit visas to visit the dying Tarkovsky his family are now in exile and need financial help.
117. Tarkovsky family appeal. Times, 27th March 1987, p.19. A trust fund is being set up to help Tarkovsky's family.
Subject index to bibliography
Note: The periodical and newspaper articles above have been arranged in chronological order in the bibliography, and names of films included in the notes to collocate material relating to the stages of Tarkovsky's career marked by the appearance of his films. For this reason names of specific films are not included in the subject index.
Andrews, Nigel 94,102
Index of Periodicals and Newspapers
American Film 28
© Ian Mackean, February 1988
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